Year 7 Science Learning Map

Autumn Term Sep – Oct

Working scientifically

  • State the rules that are required for safe working in a laboratory
  • Draw and name the scientific equipment used in the school laboratory
  • Label a Bunsen burner
  • Explain how to safely use a Bunsen burner
  • Describe how to take careful measurements including temperature, length, volume
  • Identify hazards within a lab and for specific practical situations
  • Identify and describe how to manage risk
  • Use scientific terms in the correct context
  • Correctly display data in tables and graphs
  • Convert units including millimetres to metres and kilograms to grams

Cells

  • Draw and label a plant and animal cell
  • Give examples of specialised cells
  • Use a microscope correctly to make observations of animal and plant cells
  • Label the male and female reproductive systems (plants & animals)
  • Describe the stages of foetal development
  • State the 2 types of variation
  • List different names of drugs that can affect the body
  • Describe the function of the organelles
  • List the similarities and differences between plant and animal cell
  • State specific feature of specialised cells that help them to function
  • State the structural adaptations of unicellular organisms
  • Explain what happens during “fertilisation” (plants & animals)
  • State the importance of the menstrual cycle
  • Describe the stages of childbirth
  • Explain the 2 different ways that twins are formed
  • Decide if a characteristic is caused environmental, inherited factors or both
  • Describe the effects of different drugs on the body
  • Describe the function of the organelles
  • List the similarities and differences between plant and animal cell
  • State specific feature of specialised cells that help them to function
  • State the structural adaptations of unicellular organisms
  • Explain what happens during “fertilisation” (plants & animals)

Autumn Term 2 Oct Dec

Particles

  • State the different states of matter
  • State what causes gas pressure
  • Label the parts of an atom
  • Label given groups of the Periodic Table e.g. metals/non-metals
  • State the changes that occur when a chemical reaction takes place for example a change in colour
  • State how to test for hydrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide
  • State the law of conservation of mass
  • Label the stages on a heating/cooling curve
  • Describe the differences between atoms, elements and compounds giving examples of each
  • Explain the difference between a mixture and a compound
  • Describe how to separate a mixture using filtration, distillation and chromatography
  • Describe the process of diffusion
  • Calculate the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in a given element
  • Describe the difference between a chemical and physical change
  • Explain why mass may change during a reaction
  • State the role and use of a catalyst
  • Explain how a change in energy results in a change of state
  • Explain how different factors affect the rate of diffusion

Spring Term 1 Jan – Feb

Forces

  • Give examples of some forces
  • Describe why day and night occur
  • State the order of the planets in the solar system
  • Know the units of mass and weight
  • Name 6 forces and identify them on a diagram
  • Describe forces associated with deforming objects
  • Describe an experiment to prove Hooke’s law
  • Calculate the amount of work done by a force moving an object
  • Draw a diagram using force arrows. Add values & units to this to show the forces as balanced or unbalanced.
  • Use the speed=distance/time equation
  • Describe the various stages of a distance / time graph
  • Calculate the pressure exerted on an object
  • Describe causes and uses of pressure in liquids.
  • Understand how pressure is exerted by particles in a gas.
  • Describe the effects of changing gas pressure
  • List in order the sizes of the components of the universe, e.g planet, solar system, galaxy
  • Calculate the weight of an object using the equation W=Mg
  • Explain how a change in energy results in a change of state
  • Explain how different factors affect the rate of diffusion

Spring Term 2 Feb – Apr

Energy

  • List the 8 energy stores and give an example for each
  • Describe how you investigate the energy content of different foods and fuels
  • Explain how energy is dissipated in a range of situations.
  • Explain how to reduce thermal energy transfer in houses
  • Give the definition of renewable and non-renewable energy resources
  • Explain the 4 pathways in which energy can be transferred
  • Give examples of energy transfers in everyday life e.g. light bulb
  • Explain how thermal energy moves from one place to another
  • Calculate the useful energy and the amount dissipated, given values of input and output energy.
  • List the pros and cons of different ways of generating electricity
  • Calculate domestic fuel bills in terms of numbers of units used and total cost
  • Describe how an object’s temperature changes over time when heated or cooled.
  • Describe how electricity is generated in a fossil fuel power station
  • Compare the various methods of generating electricity
  • Explain observations about changing temperature in terms of energy transfer.
  • Sketch diagrams to show convection currents in unfamiliar situations.

Summer Term 1 Apr – May

Cycles

  • State the word equations for photosynthesis and respiration
  • State where aerobic respiration occurs in cells
  • State the 4 limiting factors for photosynthesis
  • Give the definition of the following terms: producer, consumer, herbivore, carnivore, decomposer and omnivore
  • Identify on a food chain the producer, primary consumer and secondary consumer.
  • State the equations for photosynthesis and respiration (word and balanced symbol)
  • Identify examples of activities that use aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Describe how factors can limit the rate of photosynthesis
  • Label the different parts of a leaf and their function
  • Describe the stages involved in testing a leaf for starch
  • Explain what would happen to populations if the numbers of prey / predators increased / decreased
  • Explain the effects of exercise on heart rate and breathing rate
  • Link food chains together to form a food web
  • Describe the different parts of a leaf and their function

Summer Term 2 May – Jul

Working scientifically

  • State the rules that are required for safe working in a laboratory
  • Draw and name the scientific equipment used in the school laboratory
  • Label a Bunsen burner
  • Explain how to safely use a Bunsen burner
  • Describe how to take careful measurements including temperature, length, volume
  • Identify hazards within a lab and for specific practical situations
  • Identify and describe how to manage risk
  • Use scientific terms in the correct context
  • Correctly display data in tables and graphs
  • Convert units including millimetres to metres and kilograms to grams