Autumn Term 1 Sep – Oct
- State the role of enzymes
- Name the organs involved in the digestive system
- Describe the consequences of an unbalanced diet
- List the 7 essential nutrients of a healthy diet and relate them to their function
- Explain the structure and function of the skeleton
- Explain how muscles work to move bones and understand what muscles, ligaments and tendons are
- Describe the test for starch
- Describe how to test for protein, glucose and fats
- Describe the impact of exercise on gas exchange
- Describe the impact of smoking on gas exchange
- Describe the impact of asthma on gas exchange
- Label a diagram of the lungs with the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
- Explain how a pressure model can be used to show the process of breathing
- Describe the role of bacteria in the human digestive system
- Explain how an enzyme works
- Name the organs involved in the digestive system and describe their role
- State the different types of diet that different situations may require, e.g pregnancy
- Describe function of the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli during gas exchange
Autumn Term 2 Oct – Dec
- State the difference between a physical change and a chemical reaction.
- Describe how to make an Indicator
- Describe the conditions needed for the corrosion of metals to take place.
- Describe the reaction of acids with alkalis. (neutralisation) and metals and identify the products formed.
- Identify acids and alkalis. from the use of an indicator
- Identify the reactivity of metals using displacement reactions including word equations.
- Describe the chemical reaction of combustion and thermal decomposition. including the word equation
- Represent chemical reactions using word equations.
- Describe an exothermic and endothermic reaction.
- Plan and carry out an investigation to compare to different catalysts.
- Describe the chemical reaction of combustion and thermal decomposition including the symbol equation.
- Able to write chemical reactions using symbol equations
Spring Term 1 Jan – Feb
Electricity and Magnetism
- Identify magnetic and non-magnetic materials
- State the effects of different poles of magnets on each other.
- State the difference in resistance between an insulator and a conductor
- Draw a simple circuit diagram in series and parallel
- Identify circuit components from circuit diagrams.
- Describe the electrical safety features of plugs and mains electricity
- Describe how an electromagnet works
- Describe how a compass works
- Draw a magnetic field using a plotting compass, identifying the poles and direction of the magnetic field
- State what static electricity is and describe how it is made, using positive and negative charges
- Calculate resistance given the Ohm’s law equation
- State the rules for current in parallel and series circuits
- Turn circuit diagrams into real series and parallel circuits, and vice versa
- Explain what electromagnetic induction is and how to induce a current in a wire using a magnetic field
- Describe the uses and dangers of static electricity
- State the rules for potential difference in series and parallel circuits.
Spring Term 2 Feb Apr
- Name the different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum in the correct order
- Explain how sound is produced by vibrations
- Describe how the speed of sound varies with the medium it travels through
- Know how when light changes the medium it is travelling in refraction occurs
- Describe the law of reflection
- List the 7 colours of the visible spectrum
- Know that light waves can travel through a vacuum at the speed of light
- State the main uses and dangers of the different parts of the EM spectrum
- Describe how coloured filters work
- Explain why objects appear different colours
- Label the parts of the eye
- Label the different parts of the ear
- Interpret data illustrating the auditory range of humans compared to other animals
- Explain how microphones and loudspeakers work
- Explain the following things about sound waves – frequency (Hz), echoes, reflection and absorption of sound.
- State, with reference to the normal, what will happen to light at a boundary
- Describe how light is transmitted through materials (adsorption, diffuse scattering and reflection)
- Describe what a longitudinal wave is
- Describe what a transverse waves is
- Explain how light is reflected by curved mirrors
- Describe how lenses work
- Describe how the eye produces a focussed image on the retina
- Describe how the ear interprets sounds
- Describe waves on water as transverse waves and how these can reflect and/or cancel (superposition).
Summer Term 1 Apr – May
Genetics and Evolution
- State what some things living things compete for
- Label a diagram showing the relationship between the nucleus, chromosomes, DNA and genes
- Describe Darwin’s theory of evolution including evidence that supports it.
- Decide if a feature is inherited, environmental or both
- Describe how changes in the environment can lead to extinction
- Explain how variation can lead to natural selection
- Decide what type of variable (continuous or discontinuous) and plot these on a graph – show size, eye colour, height, arm span
- Define the term “species” and give examples
- Explain the structure and function of the DNA with reference to base pairs and the double helix
- Describe why “gene banks” are necessary and how they maintain biodiversity
- Describe how characteristics are passed on using Punnett squares.
Summer Term 2 May – Jul
Periodic Table and the Elements
- Describe the structure of the Earth
- Identify where the metals & non-metals of the Periodic Table can be found
- Describe how deforestation is affecting the Earth
- Explain why recycling of some materials is particularly important
- Describe how global warming can impact on climate and local weather patterns
- Describe how human activities affect the carbon cycle
- Describe how the atmosphere has changed over time
- Name the Group 1 & 7 elements and describe their properties
- Compare the properties of metals and non-metals
- Describe what the Periodic Table is and how it is arranged
- Describe the features, uses and limitations of ceramics, polymers and composites
- Suggest factors to take into account when deciding whether extraction of a metal is practical
- Justify the choice of extraction method for a metal, given data about reactivity
- Describe how Earth’s resources are turned into useful materials or recycled
- Explain how the properties of metal and non-metal oxides are different.